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Solution Manual For Critical Thinking, Reading and Writing A Brief Guide to Argument 9th Edition| ©2017 by Barnet

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Solution Manual For Critical Thinking, Reading and Writing A Brief Guide to Argument 9th Edition| ©2017 by Sylvan Barnet,Hugo Bedau,John O’Hara,ISBN:9781319077020

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Solution Manual For Critical Thinking, Reading and Writing A Brief Guide to Argument 9th Edition| ©2017 by Barnet

Solution Manual For Critical Thinking, Reading and Writing A Brief Guide to Argument 9th Edition| ©2017 by Sylvan Barnet,Hugo Bedau,John O’Hara,ISBN:9781319077020

Affordable strategies for critical thinking and academic argument

The unique collaborative effort of a professor of English, a professor of philosophy, and now a professor of critical thinking, Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing is a compact but complete guide to critical thinking and argumentation. It draws on the authors’ varied expertise in critical thinking, effective persuasive writing, and comprehensive rhetorical strategies to help students move from critical thinking to argumentative and research writing. This extraordinarily versatile text includes comprehensive coverage of classic and contemporary approaches to argument, from Aristotelian to Toulmin, as well as 48 readings, including a casebook on the state and the individual. This affordable guide can stand alone or supplement a larger anthology of readings.

This edition has been updated with exciting new topics, more critical thinking help, and 2016 MLA guidelines.
Table of Contents
Preface
Part One CRITICAL THINKING AND READING
1 Critical Thinking
*Thinking Through an Issue: Gay Marriage Licenses
*On Flying Spaghetti Monsters: Analyzing and Evaluating from Multiple Perspectives
*Critical Thinking at Work: A Student’s Essay, Developed From A Cluster And A List
*Stirred and Strained: Pastafarians Should Be Allowed to Practice in Prison (Student Essay)
*The Essay Analyzed
Generating Ideas: Writing as a Way of Thinking
*Confronting Unfamiliar Issues
*Topics
NINA FEDOROFF, The Genetically Engineered Salmon is a Boon for Consumers and Sustainability
*THINKING CRITICALLY: GENERATING TOPICS
A CHECKLIST FOR CRITICAL THINKING
*A Short Essay Calling for Critical Thinking
*LYNN STUART PARRAMORE, Fitbits for Bosses
Overall View of the Essay
Examining Assumptions
A CHECKLIST FOR EXAMINING ASSUMPTIONS
JENA McGREGOR, Military Women in Combat: Why Making It Official Matters
2 Critical Reading: Getting Started
Active Reading
Previewing
*A Short Essay for Previewing Practice
*SANJAY GUPTA, Why I Changed My Mind on Weed
*THINKING CRITICALLY: PREVIEWING
*The “First and Last” Rule
Reading with a Careful Eye: Underlining, Highlighting, Annotating
“This; Therefore, That”
*Defining Terms and Concepts
*THINKING CRITICALLY: DEFINING TERMS AND CONCEPTS
Summarizing and Paraphrasing
Paraphrase, Patchwriting, and Plagiarism
A CHECKLIST FOR A PARAPHRASE
Strategies for Summarizing
*Critical Summary
SUSAN JACOBY, A First Amendment Junkie
Summarizing Jacoby
A CHECKLIST FOR GETTING STARTED
Essays for Analysis
ZACHARY SHEMTOB AND DAVID LAT, Executions Should Be Televised
GWEN WILDE, Why the Pledge of Allegiance Should Be Revised (Student Essay)
A Casebook for Critical Reading: Should Some Kinds of Speech Be Censored?
SUSAN BROWNMILLER, Let’s Put Pornography Back in the Closet
CHARLES R. LAWRENCE III, On Racist Speech
DEREK BOK, Protecting Freedom of Expression on the Campus
Thinking Further: Freedom of Expression and Social Media
3 Critical Reading: Getting Deeper into Arguments
Persuasion, Argument, Dispute
*THINKING CRITICALLY: ESTABLISHING TRUSTWORTHINESS AND CREDIBILITY
Reason versus Rationalization
Some Procedures in Argument
Definition
*THINKING CRITICALLY: GIVING DEFINITIONS
Assumptions
Premises and Syllogisms
Deduction
Sound Arguments
Induction
Evidence: Experimentation, Examples, Authoritative Testimony, Statistics
A CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING STATISTICAL EVIDENCE
Nonrational Appeals
Satire, Irony, Sarcasm, Humor
Emotional Appeals
Does All Writing Contain Arguments?
A CHECKLIST FOR ANALYZING AN ARGUMENT
An Example: An Argument and a Look at the Writer’s Strategies
GEORGE F. WILL, Being Green at Ben and Jerry’s
George F. Wills’s Strategies
Arguments for Analysis
STANLEY FISH, When ” Identity Politics” Is Rational
GLORIA JIMÉNEZ, Against the Odds, and against the Common Good (Student Essay)
ANNA LISA RAYA, It’s Hard Enough Being Me (Student Essay)
RONALD TAKAKI, The Harmful Myth of Asian Superiority
KAYLA WEBLEY, Is Forgiving Student Loan Debt a Good Idea?
ALFRED EDMOND JR., Why Asking for a Job Applicant’s Facebook Password Is Fair Game
SHERRY TURKLE, The Flight from Conversation
4 Visual Rhetoric: Thinking about Images as Arguments
Uses of Visual Images
Types of Emotional Appeals
*Seeing vs. Looking: Reading Advertisements
A CHECKLIST FOR ANALYZING IMAGES (ESPECIALLY ADVERTISEMENTS)
*Other Aspects of Visual Appeals
Levels of Images
*Accommodating, Resisting, and Negotiating the Meaning of Images
Are Some Images Not Fit to Be Shown?
Politics and Pictures
Writing about a Political Cartoon
A CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING AN ANALYSIS OF POLITICAL CARTOONS
*THINKING CRITICALLY: ANALYSIS OF A POLITICAL CARTOON
JACKSON SMITH, Pledging Nothing? (Student Essay)
Visuals as Aids to Clarity: Maps, Graphs, and Pie Charts
A CHECKLIST FOR CHARTS AND GRAPHS
A Note on Using Visuals in Your Own Paper
Additional Images for Analysis
NORA EPHRON, The Boston Photographs
Part Two CRITICAL WRITING
5 Writing an Analysis of an Argument
Analyzing an Argument
Examining the Author’s Thesis
Examining the Author’s Purpose
Examining the Author’s Methods
Examining the Author’s Persona
Examining Persona and Intended Audience
A CHECKLIST FOR ANALYZING AN AUTHOR’S INTENDED AUDIENCE
Summary
A CHECKLIST FOR ANALYZING A TEXT
An Argument, Its Elements, and a Student’s Analysis of the Argument
NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF, For Environmental Balance, Pick Up a Rifle
*THINKING CRITICALLY: DRAWING CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLYING PROOF
The Essay Analyzed
BETSY SWINTON, Tracking Kristof (Student Essay)
An Analysis of the Student’s Analysis
A CHECKLIST FOR WRITING AN ANALYSIS OF AN ARGUMENT
Arguments for Analysis
JEFF JACOBY, Bring Back Flogging
GERARD JONES, Violent Media Is Good for Kids
JUSTIN CRONIN, Confessions of a Liberal Gun Owner
PETER SINGER, Animal Liberation
*JONATHAN SAFRAN FOER, Let Them Eat Dog: A Modest Proposal for Tossing Fido in the Oven
6 Developing an Argument of Your Own
Planning, Drafting, and Revising an Argument
Getting Ideas: Argument as an Instrument of Inquiry
*Three Brainstorming Strategies: Freewriting, Listing, and Diagramming
The Thesis or Main Point
A CHECKLIST FOR A THESIS STATEMENT
Imagining an Audience
The Audience as Collaborator
A CHECKLIST FOR IMAGINING AN AUDIENCE
The Title
The Opening Paragraphs
Organizing and Revising the Body of the Essay
The Ending
*THINKING CRITICALLY: USING TRANSITIONS IN ARGUMENT
Two Uses of an Outline
A Last Word about Outlines
A CHECKLIST FOR ORGANIZING AN ARGUMENT
Tone and the Writer’s Persona
*THINKING CRITICALLY: VARYING TONE
We, One, or I?
A CHECKLIST FOR ATTENDING TO THE NEEDS OF THE AUDIENCE
Avoiding Sexist Language
Peer Review
A PEER REVIEW CHECKLIST FOR A DRAFT OF AN ARGUMENT
A Student’s Essay, from Rough Notes to Final Version
EMILY ANDREWS, Why I Don’t Spare “Spare Change” (Student Essay)
The Essay Analyzed
7 Using Sources
Why Use Sources?
Choosing a Topic
Finding Material
Finding Quality Information Online
Finding Articles Using Library Databases
Locating Books
Interviewing Peers and Local Authorities
Evaluating Your Sources
Taking Notes
A CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING PRINT SOURCES
A CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING ELECTRONIC SOURCES
A Note on Plagiarizing, Paraphrasing, and Using Common Knowledge
A CHECKLIST FOR AVOIDING PLAGIARISM
Compiling an Annotated Bibliography
A Rule for Writers: Citation Generators
Writing the Paper
Organizing Your Notes
The First Draft
Later Drafts
A Few More Words about Organization
Choosing a Tentative Title
The Final Draft
Quoting from Sources
Incorporating Your Reading into Your Thinking: The Art and Science of Synthesis
The Use and Abuse of Quotations
How to Quote
*THINKING CRITICALLY: USING SIGNAL PHRASES
A CHECKLIST FOR USING QUOTATIONS RATHER THAN SUMMARIES
Documentation
A Note on Footnotes (and Endnotes)
MLA Format: Citations within the Text
MLA Format: The List of Works Cited,
APA Format: Citations within the Text
APA Format: The List of References,
A CHECKLIST FOR PAPERS USING SOURCES
An Annotated Student Research Paper in MLA Format
LESLEY TIMMERMAN, An Argument for Corporate Responsibility
An Annotated Student Research Paper in APA Format
LAURA DeVEAU, The Role of Spirituality and Religion in Mental Health
Part Three FURTHER VIEWS ON ARGUMENT
8 A Philosopher’s View: The Toulmin Model
The Claim
Grounds
Warrants
Backing
Modal Qualifiers
Rebuttals
*THINKING CRITICALLY: CONSTRUCTING A TOULMIN ARGUMENT
Putting the Toulmin Method to Work: Responding to an Argument
JAMES E. McWILLIAMS, The Locavore Myth: Why Buying from Nearby Farmers Won’t Save the Planet
A CHECKLIST FOR USING THE TOULMIN METHOD
Thinking with Toulmin’s Method
9 A Logician’s View: Deduction, Induction, Fallacies
Deduction
Induction
Observation and Inference
Probability
Mill’s Methods
Confirmation, Mechanism, and Theory
Fallacies
Fallacies of Ambiguity
Fallacies of Presumption
Fallacies of Relevance
A CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING AN ARGUMENT FROM A LOGICAL POINT OF VIEW
MAX SHULMAN, Love Is a Fallacy
10 A Psychologist’s View: Rogerian Argument
Rogerian Argument: An Introduction
CARL R. ROGERS, Communication: Its Blocking and Its Facilitation
A CHECKLIST FOR ANALYZING ROGERIAN ARGUMENT
EDWARD O. WILSON, Letter to a Southern Baptist Minister
11 A Literary Critic’s View: Arguing about Literature
Interpreting
Judging (or Evaluating)
Theorizing
A CHECKLIST FOR AN ARGUMENT ABOUT LITERATURE
Examples: Two Students Interpret Robert Frost’s “Mending Wall”
ROBERT FROST, Mending Wall
JONATHAN DEUTSCH, The Deluded Speaker in Frost’s “Mending Wall”
FELICIA ALONSO, The Debate in Robert Frost’s “Mending Wall”
Exercises: Reading a Poem and a Story
ANDREW MARVELL, To His Coy Mistress
KATE CHOPIN, The Story of an Hour
Thinking about the Effects of Literature
PLATO, “The Greater Part of the Stories Current Today We Shall Have to Reject”
Thinking about Government Funding for the Arts
12 A Debater’s View: Individual Oral Presentations and Debate
Individual Oral Presentations
Methods of Delivery
A CHECKLIST FOR AN ORAL PRESENTATION
The Audience
Delivery
The Talk
Formal Debates
Standard Debate Format
A CHECKLIST FOR PREPARING FOR A DEBATE
Part Four A CASEBOOK ON THE STATE AND THE INDIVIDUAL
13 How Free Is the Will of the Individual within Society?
Thoughts about Free Will
PLATO, Crito
GEORGE ORWELL, Shooting an Elephant
WALTER T. STACE, Is Determinism Inconsistent with Free Will?
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR., Letter from Birmingham Jail
PETER CAVE, Man or Sheep?
THOMAS HARDY, The Man He Killed
T. S. ELIOT, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
SUSAN GLASPELL, Trifles
MITSUYE YAMADA, To the Lady
Index of Authors and Titles
Index of Terms
* = New to this edition