## Description

**Test Bank For An Introduction to Statistics An Active Learning Approach 2nd Edition By Carlson**

**Test Bank For An Introduction to Statistics An Active Learning Approach 2nd Edition By Kieth A. Carlson, Jennifer R. Winquist, ISBN: 9781483378732, ISBN: 9781544326160**

The **Second Edition** takes a unique, active approach to teaching and learning introductory statistics that allows students to discover and correct their misunderstandings as chapters progress rather than at their conclusion. Empirically-developed, self-correcting activities reinforce and expand on fundamental concepts, targeting and holding students’ attention. Based on contemporary memory research, this learner-centered approach leads to better long-term retention through active engagement while* *generating explanations. Along with carefully placed reading questions, this edition includes learning objectives, realistic research scenarios, practice problems, self-test questions, problem sets, and practice tests to help students become more confident in their ability to perform statistics.

**Table Of Content**

How to Be Successful in This Course

Math Skills Required in This Course

Why Do You Have to Take Statistics?

Statistics and the Helping Professions

Hypothesis Testing, Effect Size, and Confidence Intervals

Testing Causal Hypotheses

Populations and Samples

Independent and Dependent Variables

Scales of Measurement

Discrete Versus Continuous Variables

Graphing Data

Shapes of Distributions

Frequency Distribution Tables

SPSS

Overview of the Activity

Chapter 1 Practice Test

Central Tendency

Computing the Mean

Find the Median

Find the Mode

SPSS

Overview of the Activity

Chapter 2 Practice Test

Population Variability

Steps in Computing a Population’s Standard Deviation

Sample Variability

SPSS

Overview of the Activity

Chapter 3 Practice Test

z for a Single Score

Using X to Find Important “Cut Lines”

z Scores and the Standard Normal Curve

Example 1: Positive z Score

Example 2: Negative z Score

Example 3: Proportion Between Two z Scores

Overview of the Activity

Chapter 4 Practice Test

Sampling and Sampling Error

Distribution of Sample Means

z for a Sample Mean

Example: Computing and Interpreting the z for a Sample Mean

Exact Probabilities Versus Probability Estimates

Overview of the Activities

Chapter 5 Practice Test

Introduction to Hypothesis Testing

Hypothesis Testing With z for a Sample Mean Example (One-Tailed)

What Does It Mean to Describe Something as “Statistically Significant”?

Errors in Hypothesis Testing

Hypothesis Testing Rules

What Is a p Value?

Why Statisticians “Fail to Reject the Null” Rather Than “Accept the Null”

Why Scientists Say “This Research Suggests” Rather Than “This Research Proves”

Overview of the Activities

Chapter 6 Practice Test

Single-Sample t Test

Conceptual Information

One-Tailed Single-Sample t Test Example

Two-Tailed Single-Sample t Test Example

Other Alpha Levels

SPSS

Overview of the Activity

Chapter 7 Practice Test

Three Statistical Procedures With Three Distinct Purposes

Logic of Confidence Intervals

Computing a Confidence Interval for a Population Mean

Computing Confidence Intervals for a Mean Difference

Reporting Confidence Intervals in APA Style

Confidence Intervals for Effect Sizes

Interpretations of Confidence Intervals

SPSS

Overview of the Activity

Chapter 8 Practice Test

Repeated/Related Samples t Test

Logic of the Single-Sample and Repeated/Related Samples t Tests

Related Samples t (Two-Tailed) Example

Related Samples t (One-Tailed) Example

Statistical Results, Experimental Design, and Scientific Conclusions

SPSS

Overview of the Activities

Chapter 9 Practice Test

Independent Samples t

Conceptual Formula for the Independent Samples t

Two-Tailed Independent t Test Example

One-Tailed Independent t Test Example

Other Alpha Levels

SPSS

Overview of the Activities

Chapter 10 Practice Test

Independent Samples ANOVA

An Example ANOVA Problem

An Additional Note on ANOVAs: Family-Wise Error and Alpha Inflation

SPSS

Overview of the Activities

Chapter 11 Practice Test

Purpose of the Two-Way ANOVA

Describing Factorial Designs

Logic of the Two-Way ANOVA

Example of a Two-Way ANOVA

SPSS

Overview of the Activities

Chapter 12 Practice Test

When to Use Correlations and What They Can Tell You

Review of z Scores

The Logic of Correlation

Direction and Strength of Correlation Coefficients

Computational Formulas

Spearman’s (rs) Correlations

Using Scatterplots Prior to Correlation Coefficients

Alternative Use for Correlation

Correlation and Causation

Hypothesis Testing With Correlation

Two-Tailed Pearson’s Correlation Example

One-Tailed Pearson’s Correlation Example

What If You Need to Do a Spearman’s Correlation?

Confidence Intervals

SPSS

Overview of the Activities

Chapter 13 Practice Test

Overview of Chi-Square

Logic of the Chi-Square Test

Comparing the Goodness-of-Fit Chi-Square and the Chi-Square for Independence

Goodness-of-Fit Chi-Square Example

Chi-Square for Independence

SPSS

Overview of the Activities

Chapter 14 Practice Test

One-Tailed Probabilities t Table

Two-Tailed Probabilities t Table

F Table (a = .05)

One-Tailed Pearson’s Correlation Table

Two-Tailed Pearson’s Correlation Table

Fisher r to z Table

Critical Values for Chi-Square

Computing SSs for Factorial ANOVA

Choosing Correct Test Statistics