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Test Bank For Introduction to Early Childhood Education 8th Edition By L. Essa

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Test Bank For Introduction to Early Childhood Education 8th Edition By Eva L. Essa, Melissa M. Burnham, ISBN: 9781544338743, ISBN: 9781544338750, ISBN: 9781544368825

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Test Bank For Introduction to Early Childhood Education 8th Edition By L. Essa

Test Bank For Introduction to Early Childhood Education 8th Edition By Eva L. Essa, Melissa M. Burnham, ISBN: 9781544338743, ISBN: 9781544338750, ISBN: 9781544368825

Introduction to Early Childhood Education provides current and future educators with a highly readable, comprehensive overview of the field. The underlying philosophy of the book is that early childhood educators’ most important task is to provide a program that is sensitive to and supports the development of young children. Author Eva L. Essa and new co-author Melissa Burnham provide valuable insight by strategically dividing the book into six sections that answer the “WhatWhoWhyWhere, and How” of early childhood education. Utilizing both NAEYC (National Association for the Education of Young Children) and DAP (Developmentally Appropriate Practice) standards, this supportive text provides students with the skills, theories, and best practices needed to succeed and thrive as early childhood educators.

Table Of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
PART I. THE WHAT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Chapter 1. The Scope of and Need for Early Childhood Education

Developmentally Appropriate Practice and Early Childhood Standards

The Growth of Early Childhood Education

What Is Included in Early Childhood Education?

Defining Quality in Early Childhood Programs

The Future of Early Childhood Education

Summary

PART II. THE WHO OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Chapter 2. The Children

Age-Related Commonalities Among Children

Factors That Influence Child Development

Children With Different Abilities

Working With Families of Young Children

Summary

Chapter 3. The Families

A Theoretical Perspective

The Changing American Family

The Needs of Families

Communicating With Families

Family Engagement

Summary

Chapter 4. The Teachers and Caregivers

The Early Childhood Teacher and Caregiver

Staffing in Early Childhood Programs

Training and Regulation in Early Childhood Education

Professionalism

Some Current Issues and Dilemmas

Family Support for the Early Childhood Profession

Summary

PART III. THE WHY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Chapter 5. Rationale Supporting Early Childhood Education

A Look Back—Children Through Time

Influential People in the History of Early Childhood Education

Influential Theorists’ Views of Child Development

Application of Theories in Early Childhood Education

Research Support for Early Childhood Education

Summary

Chapter 6. Accountability, Standards, and Assessment

Accountability: Program Standards and Assessment

Learning Standards for Young Children

Child Assessment: Informal Methods

Child Assessment: Formal Methods

Assessment Systems

Family Collaboration in Screening and Assessment

Summary

Chapter 7. Helping Children Cope With Stress

Defining Stress and Coping

Sources of Stress in Children’s Lives

Resilient Children

Techniques to Help Children Cope With Stress

Helping Families Cope With Stress

Summary

PART IV. THE WHERE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
Chapter 8. The Physical Environment

Effects of the Physical Environment

Arranging the Indoor Environment

Arranging the Outdoor Environment

Adapting Environments for Different Ages and Abilities

Developmentally Appropriate Equipment

Developmentally Appropriate Materials

Technology and Interactive Media

Summary

PART V. THE HOW OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION—CURRICULUM
Chapter 9. Scheduling and Curriculum Planning

Components of the Early Childhood Schedule

Guidelines for Program Scheduling

Types of Schedules

What Is Curriculum?

Theme-Based Curriculum

Emergent Curriculum

Family Involvement in the Curriculum

Summary

Chapter 10. Creative Development Through the Curriculum

What Is Creativity?

An Environment That Encourages Creativity

Art Theories and Philosophies

Art Activities

Music Activities

Supporting Creativity in Children of Different Ages and Abilities

Factors That Decrease Creativity

Family Values for Creativity

Summary

Chapter 11. Physical Development Through the Curriculum

A Developmental Framework for Motor Development

Components of Motor Development

Gross Motor Activities

Fine Motor Activities—Manipulatives

Caring for the Body

Supporting Physical Development in Children of Different Ages and Abilities

Family Values Related to Physical Development and Care

Summary

Chapter 12. Cognitive Development Through the Curriculum

Theoretical Foundations of Cognitive Development

Tools of the Mind

Cognitive Tasks

STEM

Supporting STEM Learning in Children of Different Ages and Abilities

Family Values for Cognitive Development

Summary

Chapter 13. Language Development Through the Curriculum

Theoretical Views of Language Development

Components of Language

English Language Learners

Language and the Early Childhood Curriculum

Supporting Language and Literacy Development in Children of Different Ages and Abilities

Family Values for Language and Literacy Development

Summary

Chapter 14. Social–Emotional Development Through the Curriculum

Theoretical Views of the Socialization Process

Emotional Intelligence

Development of Social Competence

Promoting Anti-Bias Attitudes

Activities That Promote Social Development

Supporting Social Development in Children of Different Ages and Abilities

Reflecting the Family’s Culture and Values

Summary

PART VI. THE HOW OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION—GUIDANCE
Chapter 15. Guiding Routines and Group Activities

Guiding Routines for Individual Children

Guiding Routines for Groups of Children

Factors That Affect Group Behavior

Out-of-the-Ordinary or Unexpected Situations

Coordinating With Families About Routines

Summary

Chapter 16. Guiding Social Behaviors

What Behaviors Do Educators Expect of Young Children?

Philosophies of Guidance

Some Techniques of Guidance

What Is the Difference Between Normal and Problem Behavior?

Factors That Affect Children’s Behavior

Dealing With Specific Behavior Challenges

Working With Families to Solve Behavior Challenges

Summary
Pulling It All Together: An Early Childhood Classroom Observation
Appendix: Standards Correlation Matrix
Glossary
References
Index