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Test Bank For Methods in Psychological Research 4th Edition By J. Rooney

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Test Bank For Methods in Psychological Research 4th Edition By Bryan J. Rooney, Annabel Ness Evans, ISBN: 9781506384931

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Test Bank For Methods in Psychological Research 4th Edition By J. Rooney

Test Bank For Methods in Psychological Research 4th Edition By Bryan J. Rooney, Annabel Ness Evans, ISBN: 9781506384931

Methods in Psychological Research introduces students to the rich world of research in psychology through student-friendly writing, compelling real-world examples, and frequent opportunities for practice. Using a relaxed yet supportive tone that eases student anxiety, the authors present a mixture of conceptual and practical discussions, and spark reader interest in research by covering meaningful topics that resonate with today’s students. In-text features like Conceptual Exercises, FYI sections, and FAQ sections with accompanying visual cues support learning throughout the research experience. The Fourth Edition equips students with the tools they need to understand research concepts, conduct their own experiments, and present their findings.

Table Of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
About the Contributors
Chapter 1. Introduction to Research in Psychology

Acquiring Knowledge About the World

Conceptual Exercise 1A

Psychology—Science and Art

Critical Thinking

Objectives of Science

The Tenets of Science

Conceptual Exercise 1B

The Scientific Method

Theories, Concepts, and Hypotheses

Why We Do Research

Approaches to Research

Steps in Planning and Doing Research

Conceptual Exercise 1C

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 2. Understanding the Research Literature

Searching the Literature

The Research Article

Conceptual Exercise 2A

Basic Statistical Procedures

Conceptual Exercise 2B

More Complex Statistical Procedures

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 3. Research in Psychology: An Ethical Enterprise

Are Ethical Codes Necessary?

General Principles

Conceptual Exercise 3A

Ethical Standards

Conceptual Exercise 3B

Conceptual Exercise 3C

Conceptual Exercise 3D

Conceptual Exercise 3E

Special Populations

Internet Research

Bias and Intellectual Honesty

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 4. Hypothesis Testing, Power, and Control: A Review of the Basics

Three Levels of Hypotheses

Conceptual Exercise 4A

Testing the Null Hypothesis

Statistical Significance

Inferential Errors: Type I and Type II

Conceptual Exercise 4B

Power and How to Increase It

Effect Size

The Role of Replication in Research

Conceptual Exercise 4C

External and Internal Validity

Conceptual Exercise 4D

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 5. Measuring Variables

Ways of Asking Questions

Conceptual Exercise 5A

Social Desirability and Response Set

Measuring Observed Behavior

Conceptual Exercise 5B

Conceptual Exercise 5C

The Importance of Precision in Measurement

Conceptual Exercise 5D

Tests, Scales, and Inventories

Commercially Available Tests and Inventories

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 6. Selecting Research Participants

Sampling Methods

Conceptual Exercise 6A

Conceptual Exercise 6B

Conceptual Exercise 6C

Recruitment

Sample and Effect Size

Power Revisited

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 7. Experimental Design: Independent-Groups Designs

Why We Do Experiments

Conceptual Exercise 7A

Where We Do Experiments

Conceptual Exercise 7B

How We Do Experiments: Independent-Groups Designs

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 8. Experimental Design: Dependent-Groups and Mixed Designs

Dependent-Groups Designs

Conceptual Exercise 8

Mixed Designs

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 9. Experimental Design: Single-Participant Designs/The Operant Approach

Single-Participant Design and the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Concepts in the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

ABA and ABAB Withdrawal Designs

Conceptual Exercise 9A

Multiple-Baseline Design

Alternating-Treatment Design

Changing-Criterion Design

Conceptual Exercise 9B

Advantages and Disadvantages of Single-Participant Designs

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 10. Nonexperimental Research: Finding Relationships Among Variables

Quasi-Experiments

Conceptual Exercise 10A

Conceptual Exercise 10B

Conceptual Exercise 10C

Longitudinal Research

Cross-Sectional Research

Conceptual Exercise 10D

Case Studies

Correlational Research

Conceptual Exercise 10E

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 11. Data Collection Methods

Observational Research: Observing the Behavior of Individuals

Advantages and Disadvantages of Observational Research

Conceptual Exercise 11A

Survey Research: Asking People Questions About Their Behavior

Conceptual Exercise 11B

Conceptual Exercise 11C

Observing Group Behavior: The Focus Group

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 12. Program Evaluation, Archival Research, and Meta-Analytic Designs

Program Evaluation

Conceptual Exercise 12A

Conceptual Exercise 12B

Archival Research

Conceptual Exercise 12C

Meta-Analysis

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 13. Analyzing, Interpreting, and Summarizing Research Data

What Are Statistics, and Why Are They Necessary?

Summarizing Your Data With Descriptive Statistics

Conceptual Exercise 13A

Conceptual Exercise 13B

Testing the Statistical Significance of Your Research Findings

Conceptual Exercise 13C

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Chapter 14. Communicating in Psychology

Writing in Psychology

Conceptual Exercise 14A

Conceptual Exercise 14B

Conceptual Exercise 14C

Conceptual Exercise 14D

Conceptual Exercise 14E

Conceptual Exercise 14F

Conceptual Exercise 14G

Conceptual Exercise 14H

Presenting Research in Writing

Other Ways of Presenting Research

Chapter Summary

Chapter Resources

Glossary
References
Index