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Test Bank For Police in America By Brandl

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Test Bank For Police in America By Steven G. Brandl, ISBN: 9781506378442, ISBN: 9781483379135, ISBN: 9781506387710, ISBN: 9781506388007

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Test Bank For Police in America By Brandl

Test Bank For Police in America By Steven G. Brandl, ISBN: 9781506378442, ISBN: 9781483379135, ISBN: 9781506387710, ISBN: 9781506388007

Police in America provides students with a comprehensive and realistic introduction to modern policing in our society. Utilizing real-word examples grounded in evidence-based research, this easy-to-read, conversational text helps students think critically about the many misconceptions of police work and understand best practices in everyday policing. Respected scholar and author Steven G. Brandl draws from his experience in law enforcement to emphasize the positive aspects of policing without sugar-coating the controversies of police work. Brandl tackles important topics that center on one question: “What is good policing?” This includes discussions of discretion, police use of force, and tough ethical and moral dilemmas—giving students a deeper look into the complex issues of policing to help them think more broadly about its impact on society. Students will walk away from this text with a well-developed understanding of the complex role of police in our society, an appreciation of the challenges of policing, and an ability to differentiate fact from fiction relating to law enforcement.

Table Of Content

Preface
About the Author
I. FOUNDATIONS FOR THE STUDY OF THE POLICE
Chapter 1: An Introduction to the Police in America

Introduction

The Challenge of Policing a Free Society

The Controversies and Difficulties of Policing

Ethics and Morals in Policing

Chapter 2: The History of the Police in America

Introduction: Why Study the History of the Police?

The Pre-Police Era in America

The First American Police Departments: The Political Era of Policing

Early 1900s to 1960s: The Reform Era of Policing

The 1970s to the Present: The Community Problem-Solving Era of Policing

Chapter 3: The Characteristics and Structure of Police Organizations

Characteristics of Police Organizations

The Challenges of Managing Police Organizations

The Structure of Police Departments

Major Operating Units in Police Departments

Types and Levels of Law Enforcement Agencies

Chapter 4: The Role of the Police

Enforcing the Law

Controlling Crime

Dealing with Situations Where Force May Need to Be Used

Handling Time-Pressing Situations

II. POLICE WORK
Chapter 5: Police Recruitment, Selection, and Training

The Relationship between the Recruitment, Selection, and Training of Police Officers

The Recruitment of Police Officers

The Selection of Police Officers

Minimum Qualifications for Police Officers

Selection Procedures for Police Officers

The Outcomes of the Recruitment and Selection of Police Officers: Diversity

Police Officer Training

Chapter 6: Police Patrol

Police Patrol and Call Priority

Managing Calls for Service

Preventive Patrol

Hot Spot Policing

Police Crackdowns

Police Stops of Citizens as a Strategy

One- and Two-Officer Squads

Foot Patrol

Offender-Focused Strategies

Chapter 7: Crime Detection and Investigation

Criminal Investigation Defined

Types of Criminal Investigations

Proof in Criminal Investigations

How Are Crimes Solved?

Forms and Types of Evidence in Criminal Investigations
Chapter 8: Police Discretion and Its Control

Discretion Defined

The Anatomy of a Decision

Factors That Influence the Discretion of Police Officers

How Is Police Discretion Best Controlled?
Chapter 9: The Law of Search, Seizure, and Self-Incrimination

Basic Legal Terminology and Concepts

The Law of Search and Seizure: The Fourth Amendment

The Law of Self-Incrimination: The Fifth and Sixth Amendments

III. THE HAZARDS OF POLICE WORK
Chapter 10: Health and Safety Issues in Police Work

What Is Stress?

The Effects of Stress

Physical Hazards of Police Work

So Is Police Work Dangerous?

Chapter 11: Police Use of Force

Reasonable Force and Use of Force Guidelines

Deviations in Use of Force: Unnecessary Force versus Brutality

Types of Force

Patterns in Police Use of Force: Causes and Control
Chapter 12: Police Misconduct and Corruption

The Importance of Understanding Police Misconduct and Corruption

The Nature and Extent of Police Misconduct and Corruption

Causes of Police Misconduct and Corruption

The Control of Police Misconduct and Corruption

IV. POLICE STRATEGIES AND THE FUTURE OF THE POLICE IN AMERICA
Chapter 13: Community and Problem-Oriented Policing

The Rise of Community Policing

Problem-Oriented Policing: The Details

Chapter 14: Evidence-Based and Intelligence-Led Policing

Smart Policing

Data-Driven and Evidence-Based Policing

COMPSTAT

Predictive Policing

Intelligence-Led Policing

Chapter 15: Terrorism, Technology, Accountability, and the Future of American Policing

History as a Guide to the Future

New Demands on the Police

The New Police

The New Technology of Crime Detection and Accountability
Appendix: The Bill of Rights, United States Constitution
Glossary
Endnotes
Index