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Test Bank For Public Policy A Concise Introduction By R. Rinfret

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Test Bank For Public Policy A Concise Introduction By Sara R. Rinfret, Denise Scheberle, Michelle C. Pautz, ISBN: 9781506329710, ISBN: 9781071811894, ISBN: 9781544343365

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Test Bank For Public Policy A Concise Introduction By R. Rinfret

Test Bank For Public Policy A Concise Introduction By Sara R. Rinfret, Denise Scheberle, Michelle C. Pautz, ISBN: 9781506329710, ISBN: 9781071811894, ISBN: 9781544343365

“A comprehensive textbook consisting of both historical and contemporary information and data about American public policy. The format and approach of the text are ideal for undergraduate students because they provide concrete examples of public policy in a way that relates to everyday life.”
—Linda Trautman, Ohio University

Public Policy: A Concise Introduction is a student-friendly primer that quickly connects readers to the inner workings of public policy. The text condenses early chapters on theory and the policy-making process, allowing students to take up key policy challenges—such as immigration, education, and health care—much earlier in the semester. Structured chapter layouts of substantive policy areas allow instructors to supplement with their own examples seamlessly. The book’s emphasis on policy choices asks students to look beyond simple pros and cons to examine the multifaceted dimensions of decision making and the complexities inherent in real-world problem solving. Not every student starts out engaged in public policy, so place your students—both majors and non-majors alike—in the driver’s seat by fostering their analytical skills early, and spend the rest of the semester discussing policy issues, examining data, and debating current policy examples that matter most to them.

Table Of Content

List of Figures and Tables
Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
SECTION I: DEFINING U.S. PUBLIC POLICYMAKING
CHAPTER ONE: The Foundation

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: Public Policy and Our Everyday Lives

Starting with a Definition

Power and Politics

A Federal System

Categories of Public Policy

The Process

A Motley Crew: Institutional and Noninstitutional Actors

The Three Branches of Government

The Implementers

The Media, Interest Groups, and Us

Shaping Policy

What about Us?

Policy Analysis

Policy Evaluation

Why Studying Public Policy Matters

Plan of the Book

Concluding Thoughts

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

Notes

CHAPTER TWO: The Policy Process and Policy Theories

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: Policy Rhetoric and Reality

What Really Is Policy?

Understanding the Context of Public Policy

The Political Environment

The Economic Environment

The Social and Cultural Environment

The Administrative Environment

The Quest for Public Policy Theory

The Stages Heuristic Model of Public Policymaking

Sugary Drinks

Stage 1: Problem Identification and Definition

Stage 2: Agenda Setting

Stage 3: Policy Formulation

Stage 4: Policy Legitimation

Stage 5: Policy Implementation

Stage 6: Policy Evaluation

Assessing the Stages Model

Alternative Policy Process Models

Multiple Streams Framework

Pros and Cons of the MSF

Punctuated Equilibrium

Actors in the Policy Process

Concluding Thoughts

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

SECTION II: THE PRACTICE OF PUBLIC POLICY
CHAPTER THREE: Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: Up in Smoke: Federal and State Marijuana Policies Collide

Telling Stories with Data: Using Gallup Polling Data to Detect Trends

Overview of Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations

National Policymaking Constrained under the Articles of Confederation

Constitutional Foundation of Federalism

Intergovernmental Relations

Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations Evolve

Dual Federalism

Cooperative Federalism

Creative Federalism

Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations Today

Underfunded and Unfunded Mandates

Building Picket Fences

Increasing Capacity of State and Local Governments

Differences in State Cultures, Politics, Economies, and Events

Enduring Virtues of a Federal System

Safeguards Individual Rights and Democracy

Promotes Responsibility

Stimulates Innovation

Increases Efficiency and Effectiveness in Policy Implementation

Everyday Citizen Connection

Concluding Thoughts

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

CHAPTER FOUR: Rulemaking and Regulations

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: From Peanuts on a Plane to the Future of E-Cigarettes

Understanding the Context of U.S. Regulations

Defining Regulatory Policy

Delegation of Authority

Why Delegate?

Congress and Accountability

The President and Accountability

The Supreme Court and Accountability

Understanding Regulatory Processes

State Rulemaking

Influence and Participation

After a Rule Becomes a Law

Regulating Your Local Dry Cleaner

The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

The Future of Regulatory Policy

Everyday Citizen Connection

Concluding Thoughts

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

Notes

SECTION III: UNDERSTANDING KEY PUBLIC POLICY ISSUES
CHAPTER FIVE: Economic Policy and Public Budgeting

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: Green Eggs and Ham and the Federal Government Shutdown in 2013

Overview of Economic Policy and Public Budgeting

Types of Economies and Economic Policy Definition Economic Theories

Size and Scope of the U.S. Economy

Public Opinion and the Economy

Telling Stories with Data: Using The Bureau of Labor Statistics to Explore Regional Economic Data

Monetary and Fiscal Policy

The Federal Budget

Budget Process

Government Revenues and Expenditures

Revenues

Expenditures

Debt and Deficit

History and Development of Economic Policy

Founding Period

Growth of Government Spending

Great Recession and Government Response

Major Economic Policy and Budgeting Statutes

Major Actors in Economic Policy

Congress

President

Government Agencies

Issues and Challenges

Political Polarization

Debts and Deficits

Global Markets and Free Trade

Everyday Citizen Connection

Concluding Thoughts

Policy Choices: The Federal Tax System

Policy Choices: Federal Tax Policy

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

CHAPTER SIX: Crime and Public Policy

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: Guns on Campus: Safety or Risk?

Overview of Crime in America

Types of Crime

The U.S. Crime Rate

Explaining Decreases in the U.S. Crime Rate

Public Perceptions about Crime

The U.S. Incarceration Rate

History and Development

Federalizing Crime

Public Attitudes about the Incidence of Crime

Media and Crime

Actors in Criminal Justice Policy

Federal Law Enforcement Agencies

State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies

Federal and State Courts

Crime Victims

Probation Officers and Parole Officers

Major U.S. Criminal Justice and Crime Policy Statutes

Capital Punishment

Issues and Challenges

Deterrence and Recidivism

Telling Stories with Data: The Death Penalty

Crime and Race

Juvenile Crime

Mass Shootings

Everyday Citizen Connection

Policy Choices: Gun Control

Concluding Thoughts

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

CHAPTER SEVEN: Education Policy

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: Behind the Curtain of a Public Education

Overview of U.S. Education Policy

Understanding the Structure of a U.S. Education Status and Scope

Telling Stories with Data: Using Maps to Explore Education Funding

History and Development of the U.S. Education System

Colonialism and Mann

Challenges and Change

Choice and a Digital Revolution

Major Education Policy Statutes

Major U.S. Education Laws

Major Actors in U.S. Education Policy

President

Congress

Courts

Bureaucracy

State Actors and Vested Interests

Governors and State Legislatures

State Expertise

Mayors, Superintendents, and Teachers

Interest Groups

What’s for Lunch?

Issues and Challenges

Paradigm Shift

Curriculum and Technology

Connecting the Dots

New Narrative

Everyday Citizen Connection

Concluding Thoughts

Policy Choices: Student Evaluation

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

CHAPTER EIGHT: Civil Rights and Immigration Policy

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: The Desert and an Elusive Cat

Overview of Civil Rights

Civil Rights and Immigration

Status and Scope

Longitudinal Trends

Public Opinion Research

Immigration Sentiments

Telling Stories with Data: Using Gallup Polling Data to Detect Trends

History and Development of U.S. Immigration Policy

National Origin Quotas

Civil Rights, Amnesty, and Enforcement

9/11, Dreamers, and Deportation

Major U.S. Immigration Policy Statutes

Select Major U.S. Immigration Laws

The Actors in Immigration Policy

President

Congress

Courts

Bureaucracy

Unofficial Actors in Immigration Policy

States

The Immigration Posse and the ACLU

Issues and Challenges

Security and Crime

Sanctuary Cities and Refugees

Small Town USA

Everyday Citizen Connection

Concluding Thoughts

Policy Choices: Immigration Reform

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

Notes

CHAPTER NINE: Social Welfare and Health Care Policy

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: Living on $2 a Day

Overview of Social Welfare Policy

Defining Poverty

Who Is Poor?

Telling Stories with Data: Using Census Data

Public Values and Types of Social Welfare Programs

Public Support for Social Welfare Programs

History and Development of U.S. Social Welfare Policy

Poor Houses and “Outdoor Relief”

The New Deal and Social Security

Unemployment Insurance and AFDC

The Great Society and Connecting Health Care to Social Welfare

Welfare Reform through TANF

Overview of Health Care Policy

Government-Run Insurance Programs: Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP

The Affordable Care Act and Beyond

Key Provisions of the ACA

History and Development of U.S. Health Care Policy

Early Efforts to Establish Health Care

Health Reform Efforts after the Great Depression

The 1960s through 2017: Government Steps In

ACA Repeal Attempts under President Trump

Major U.S. Social Welfare and Health Care Statutes

Select Major U.S. Social Welfare and Health Care Laws

Major Actors in Social Welfare and Health Care Policy

The President

Congress

Courts

Federal Bureaucracies

State Governments

Unofficial Actors

Issues and Challenges

Income Inequality

The High Health Cost of Being Poor

Universal Health Care Coverage and Single-Payer Health Care

Everyday Citizen Connection

Concluding Thoughts

Policy Choices: Social and Welfare Policy—Family Leave

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

CHAPTER TEN: Environmental and Energy Policy

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: A Web of Actors When Disaster Strikes

Overview of Environmental and Energy Policy

Understanding U.S. Environmental Policy

Status and Scope

Telling Stories with Data: Using U.S. Epa Air Quality Trends Data

History and Development of Environmental Policy

Birth of the Modern Environmental Movement (1960s and 1970s)

Changing Course (1980s)

Diffused Attention in the 1990s and Early 2000s

Executive Action in the 2010s

Understanding U.S. Energy Policy

Status and Scope

History and Development of Energy Policy

Crisis in the 1970s

Deregulation in the 1980s

Toward a Comprehensive Energy Policy in the 1990s

Energy and National Security Concerns in the 2000s

Major Environmental and Energy Policy Statutes

Major Actors in Environmental and Energy Policy

Congress

President

Federal Courts

Executive Agencies

Interest Groups and Lobbyists

Greenhouse Gases Go to Court

Issues and Challenges

Lack of a Coherent, Cohesive Policy

Politicization

Role of Science in Policy Debates

Trade-offs between the Environment and the Economy

The Commons

Everyday Citizen Connection

Concluding Thoughts

Policy Choices: Nonpoint Source Pollution

Policy Choices Reflection Questions

Policy Choices: Nonpoint Source Water Pollution

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

CONCLUSION: Public Policy: A Concise Introduction

Learning Objectives

Opening Vignette: On the Front Lines

Putting the Pieces Together

A Dynamic Enterprise

Why Public Policy Matters

Public Problems and Solutions

Finding the Facts

Consensus and Public Policy

Concluding Thoughts

Glossary Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Resources

Glossary
References
Index